Ruling On Racism And Tribalism

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"Racism and Tribalism are against the teachings of the Prophet peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him. The Prophet peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him would rebuke his companions if they ever denigrated people because of their race, lineage, or status. He said: Behold! Verily, you have no virtue over one with white skin or black skin, except by favor of righteousness. Musnad Aḥmad 20885."



What is tribalism?

Tribalism means loyalty to one’s tribe or family over the principles of justice. This is haram in Islam. Jubair ibn Mut’im reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said: He is not one of us who calls to tribalism. He is not one of us who fights for the sake of tribalism. He is not one of us who dies following the way of tribalism. Sunan Abi Dawood 5102

African Muslims felt the same sincerity that Arab, American, European felt and vice versa. So, we were truly all the same. Aljannah is not meant for Arabs only likewise bounties of this world is not meant for Americans only; the righteous will enter Aljannah irrespective of his/her lineage, language etc

It is our belief in one Allaah that remove " I'm white, he is black" from minds, behavior, and attitude. Oneness of Allaah, the Oneness of Man, and cease to measure and hinder and harm others in terms of differences in color in accordance with teaching of Islam determine the level of faith that breads tolerance.

When Scholars are silent about Racism and Tribalism…

The nuisance of racism and tribalism exists and persisted, despite the Prophet’s (peace and blessings be upon him) clear guidance but the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) disavowed it whenever a companion call to it. There are scholars that still have the craving of racism and tribalism, hence, misled people against innocents. It was not in the tradition of Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) to keep mum about racism and tribalism. He sternly criticized his companion Abu Dharr for disrespecting Bilal because he was of African descent and had dark skin color.

Abu Umamah reported: Abu Dharr reproached Bilaal about his mother, saying, “O son of a black woman!” Bilaal went to the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, and he told him what he said. The Prophet became angry and then Abu Dharr came, although he was unaware of what Bilal told him. The Prophet turned away from him and Abu Dharr asked, “O Messenger of Allah, have you turned away because of something you have been told?” The Prophet said: Have you reproached Bilaal about his mother? By the one who revealed the Book to Muhammad, none is more virtuous over another except by righteous deeds. Shu’ab al-Imaan 4760. There are denigrate words or adjectives that a tribe used to qualify another, and to them, they know it mockery whilst unknown to the victim. Verily, actions are (judged) according to their intentions, it is against Prophetic teachings to mock other irrespective of whether they understand or not.

Islam advises us to treat neighbours kindly, even if they are not Muslim. Al-Qurtubi (may Allah have mercy on him) said: I say: based on that, kind treatment of neighbours is enjoined and is recommended, whether they are Muslim or not. And this is the right thing to do. Kind treatment may be in the sense of helping or it may be in the sense of being kind, refraining from annoyance and standing by them. Al-Bukhaari narrated from ‘Aa’ishah that the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “Jibreel kept urging me to treat neighbours kindly until I thought that he would make them heirs.” And it was narrated from Abu Shurayh that the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “By Allah, he does not believe; by Allah, he does not believe; by Allah, he does not believe.” It was said: O Messenger of Allah, who is that? He said: “The one whose neighbour is not safe from his annoyance.” This is general in meaning and applies to all neighbours, and the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) affirmed that the neighbour should not be annoyed by swearing three times and stating that the one who annoys his neighbour is not a believer in the complete sense. So the believer should avoid annoying his neighbour and refrain from doing what Allah and His Messenger have forbidden; he should strive to do that which pleases Him and encourage others to do likewise.


Ustadh Ibraheem Albanny

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